Sulfur amino acid restriction (SAAR)-the reduction of methionine and cysteine concentrations either in the diet or by genetic manipulation-promotes health span and extends lifespan, but its effects on physical activity remain unclear. We investigated whether age of diet initiation and biological sex could influence physical activity in mice fed either a control diet (CF, 0.86% methionine w/w) or SAAR (0.12% methionine w/w). Quadriceps femoris muscle mass is smaller in SAAR than in CF mice. Young mice fed a chronic SAAR diet at 8 weeks of age exhibited improved wire hang and running wheel activities compared to young CF mice, while aged mice showed comparable results. The effects of chronic SAAR on physical activity was mildly influenced by sex as observed in middle-aged male SAAR mice who showed minor improvements than CF males while middle-aged females displayed no discernible effects. Muscle mass is minimally affected by changes in markers of protein synthesis, autophagy and atrophy. Improvements to physical activity in young SAAR mice could be partially attributed to increased skeletal muscle mitochondrial activity. Furthermore, SAAR in C2C12 myotubes increased citrate synthase protein expression and enhanced succinyl dehydrogenase enzyme activity compared to CF myotubes. Overall, our data reveal that SAAR can improve mouse physical activity without compromising muscle proteostasis. This is partially due to enhanced mitochondrial activity, but the effects are influenced by age of diet initiation and sex